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Year 10

Qualifications:                   GCSE Chemistry & GCSE Combined Science Trilogy

Specification Codes:        8462 & 8464

QAN Codes:                        601/8757/8 & 601/8758/X

Exam Board:                       AQA

 

You will study the following topics during the course:

  1. Atomic structure and the periodic table
  2. Bonding, structure, and the properties of matter
  3. Quantitative chemistry
  4. Chemical changes
  5. Energy changes
  6. The rate and extent of chemical change
  7. Organic chemistry
  8. Chemical analysis
  9. Chemistry of the atmosphere
  10. Using resources

 

 

Half Term

Unit of Work

Home Study

 

Autumn 1

Chemical Bonding

Complete at least 2 from the following:

 

  1. Complete Activity 1 Ionic Bonding Practise

 

  1. Complete activity sheet 2 Ionic compounds Research using the internet to help.

 

  1. Complete activity sheet 3 Metallic Bonding & Properties

 

  1. Create a poster using sheet 4 Chemical Bonding Summary to guide you.

 

  1. Create a leaflet about the three states of matter and the processes involved in each change of state. Use sheet 5 States of matter to guide you.

 

  1. Complete activity sheet 6 Properties of ionic compounds

 

  1. Complete activity 7 Properties of small molecules

 

  1. Complete the activity sheet 8 Giant Covalent Structures.

 

 

Properties & Structure

Complete any 2 from the list below:

 

  1. Create an A5 leaflet (fold a piece of A4 paper in half) or a c-fold leaflet (fold a piece of A4 paper into three segments), explaining the three states of matter and the differences between them.

Include an explanation of what happens during:

  • Melting
  • Boiling
  • Freezing
  • Evaporation
  • Condensation

Use diagrams to support the information you include in the text, and try to make the leafletvisually appealing.

 

  1. Choose an ionic compound, and draw a diagram explaining how ionic bonds in the compound are formed from atoms. Use the ionic bonding worksheet to help you.

 

  1. Write a song, poem or rap to explain what small molecules are and what typical properties they display. Make sure that your work catchy so you remember it!

 

  1. Choose a polymer from which many products used in everyday life are made. Using an A4 piece of paper, make a leaflet to explain how the properties of a polymer make it ideal for its purpose (for example: a new type of running shorts, insulation or plastic bag).

 

Use diagrams to show how its molecular structure is key to these properties.

 

  1. Research the different allotropes of carbon. Use the giant covalent structures worksheet to help you.

 

Autumn 2

Electrolysis

 

Complete at least 1 from the following:

 

  1. Use books and/or the Internet to search for videos and images for the extraction of aluminium by electrolysis of bauxite (aluminium oxide).
  • Create a poster or slide with a sketch:
  • clearly label each part of the cell
  • below the sketch, briefly note the purpose of each part of the cell including the cathode, the anode and cryolite

 

  1. Answer the question on worksheet ‘Electrolysis 1’.
  2. Use books and/or the Internet to find descriptions or videos of growing tin crystals from tin (II) chloride solution. Then answer the questions on worksheet ‘Electrolysis 2’.

 

  1. Electrolysis is only the final stage in the production of aluminium. Use books and/or the Internet to research aluminium ore, (bauxite), and to answer the question on worksheet ‘Electrolysis 3’.

 

 

Cells & Fuel Cells (Separates Only)

Complete at least 1 from the following:

 

  1. Use the internet / books to research the history of the battery. Write a short piece on how batteries have developed or draw a timeline to illustrate battery development.

 

  1. Use the internet and / books to research possible uses of hydrogen fuel cells. Make a list of these applications and describe the advantages and disadvantages of using a hydrogen fuel cell.

 

  1. Draw a fully labelled diagram of a hydrogen fuel cell and balanced half equations to illustrate what is happening at each electrode.

 

Spring 1

Organic 1

Complete any 2 of the following home study tasks:

 

  1. Crude oil is a finite resource. Research the theory called ‘peak oil’. Use this information to write a letter to the prime minister explaining the problems that we may face in the future and suggest some solutions. Your letter should include lots of scientific facts but should also be enjoyable to read!

 

  1. Fractional distillation is the process of separating the mixture of hydrocarbons in crude oil. Imagine that you are a hydrocarbon and draw a cartoon to show what would happen during the process of fractional distillation. (HINT: remember to include the forces between the molecules)

 

 

  1. Create a song or rap that describes the different properties that different hydrocarbons have. Make sure that you include some information about how this influences the use of the fuel and how the properties are related to the size of the hydrocarbon chain. Could you perform this to the class!

 

  1. Cracking is a process in which large hydrocarbon chains can be broken down into smaller molecules using heat and a catalyst. Research the product that is created when the cracking process is used to break kerosene down. What useful product is made? What could be done with the left overs? Make a creative way to display the answers to these questions.

 

Spring 2

Rate of Reaction

Complete 2 of the homestudy tasks listed below:

 

  1. Analyse the reaction of magnesium with hydrochloric acid use the homework sheet on rates of reaction to guide you.

 

  1. Complete a facebook profile related to the production of ammonia – use the facebook template to help you.

 

  1. Draw diagrams to illustrate how increasing and decreasing factors influence the rate of reactions. Use the collisions homestudy sheet to guide you.

 

  1. Research catalysts and write a newspaper article to explain what they are and their uses within industry.

 

  1. Use windows moviemaker (or a program of your choice) to create a short film explaining what affects the rate of a chemical change and giving examples. This film can be used as a revision film for yourself and possibly the class!

 

  1. Draw a carton that fully explains one of the factors that affects rate of a reaction. This cartoon must show balanced reactions and help others to understand the topic.

 

 

Reversible Reactions & Equilibria

Complete at least 2 from the following:

 

 

  1. Make a list of chemical reactions and identify whether or not they are reversible or irreversible. Use the internet / books to help you. Write word and / or balanced equations for each reaction where possible.

 

  1. Write a balanced equation for the reversible between anhydrous copper sulphate and water. Explain the terms ‘anhydrous’ and ‘water of crystallisation’. Investigate and explain why copper sulphate crystals are blue, but anhydrous copper sulphate crystals are white, (note that you may find yourself in ‘A’ level territory with this!).

 

  1. The Contact process is used in the production of sulphuric acid. Refer to worksheet Equilibria 1, and answer the questions to explain how Le Chatelier’s principle can be used to predict the effect on equilibrium of changes in pressure and concentration.

 

  1. Answer the questions on worksheet Equilibria 2 to explain the effect of changes in temperature on a closed system reversible reaction in equilibrium.

 

  1. The Haber process is used in the production of ammonia. State le Chatelier’s principle and using the Haber process as an example, explain the effect of (1) increasing the temperature, and (2) increasing the pressure on the position of equilibrium in this reaction. Explain why conditions used in practice are a compromise. (Separate Chemistry Only)

 

Summer 1

Quantitative Chemistry

  1. Write balanced equations for the complete combustion of each of the following hydrocarbons :

 

Methane

Ethane

Propane

Butane

Pentane

 

  1. Calculate the Relative Formula Mass (RFM) of the above hydrocarbons and use this to calculate the number of moles present in 1g of each substance.

 

 

  1. Copper can be produced by the reaction of carbon with copper(II) oxide in accordance with the following equation:

 

2CuO + C=>2Cu + CO2

 

Calculate the % atom economy for the production of copper by this process.

 

  1. What mass (in g) of each of the following contains 0.05 moles

 

CaCO3

MgCl2

C8H18

Al(OH)3

H2SO4

 

Summer 2

Quantitative Chemistry

  1. What is the concentration, (in mol dm-3), of a solution containing 1g of copper sulphate dissolved in 100cm3 of water?

 

  1. Given that 1 mole of any gas occupies approximately 24dm3 at room temperature and pressure calculate:

 

  1. the number of grams of O2 that would occupy a volume 24dm3
  2. the number of grams of N2 that would occupy a volume of 6dm3
  3. the mass of CO2 that occupies a volume of 6dm3
  4. the mass of NH3 that occupies a volume of 1 dm3

 

  1. A passenger jet contains 4050 kg of copper wiring. A rock sample contains 1.25% CuFeS2 by mass. Calculate the mass of rock, in tonnes, required to produce enough copper wire for a passenger jet. (1 tonne = 1,000 kg).

 

 

Titrations (Separates Only)

Complete at least 2 from the following:

  1. Create a revision style guide to explain the difference between a weak and strong acid in terms of ionisation. Your guide should be interesting and easy to understand.
  2. Plan a step by step set of instructions to show how to carry out a titration
  3. Create a poster that explains the terms dilute and concentrated in terms of the amount of substance per dm3
  4. Plan a presentation that explains the terms neutrality and acidity in terms of hydrogen ion concentration and pH.

 

 

 

All worksheets are available from your teacher.